The increasing role of religion in state failure: 1960 to 2004

J. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examines the extent of religious conflict between 1960 and 2004 in the context of all domestic conflicts in that era based on data from the State Failure dataset. The findings show that until 2002 religious conflicts were a minority of all conflicts, but from 2002 to 2004 they were a majority of all conflicts. This study also examines the extent to which groups belonging to different religious traditions (i.e., Christianity, Islam, etc.) participate in conflict. The specific results on the relative participation in conflict by Christian and Muslim groups depend on the method used to measure conflict. However, no matter how conflict is measured, the results consistently show a rise in Islamic participation in conflict since the late 1970s. Also, for nearly the entire period covered by this study, the majority of religious conflicts involved Muslims. All of this supports contentions that rather than causing religion's demise, modernity has caused a resurgence of religion.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)395-414
JournalTerrorism and Political Violence
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2007


Dive into the research topics of 'The increasing role of religion in state failure: 1960 to 2004'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this