The importance of the donkey as a pack animal in the early bronze age southern levant: A view from tell es-saft/gath

Itzhaq Shai, Haskel J. Greenfield, Annie Brown, Shira Albaz, Aren M. Maeir

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


In this paper, we review the evidence for the use of the domestic donkey as a mode of transportation in the Early Bronze Age. The study will present the domestic donkey remains (artefactual and zoological) and their archaeological context from the Early Bronze Age III domestic neighborhood at Tell es-Saft/ Gath. The remains indicate the significant role that donkeys played in the daily life of the inhabitants. This reflects on our understanding of their role in the trade networks and mode of transportation that existed within the emerging urban cultures in the southern Levant during the 3rd mill, b.c.e.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-25
Number of pages25
JournalZeitschrift des Deutschen Palastina-Vereins
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We wish to express our thanks to the many patients and their parents who provided samples and details of their medical and family histories and to the Pulmonary Hypertension Association, for its encouragement and support. We acknowledge the many clinicians and colleagues who have provided information for the patients described, in particular, E. W. Benbow, M. K. Bennet, M. Burke, C. Chapman, J. Egan, M. Goldberg, G. B. M. Lindop, B. Meyrick, A. Peacock, D. Smith, and S. Stuart. This work has financial support from a Medical Research Council of the United Kingdom Clinical Training Fellowship (to J.R.T.), British Heart Foundation project grant 97054 (to R.C.T.), and National Institutes of Health grants HL61997 (to W.C.N. and J.E.L.) and HL48164 (to J.E.L.).


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