The impact of the court of justice of the European Union on Neighbouring countries: Summary and analysis of findings

Arie Reich, Hans W. Micklitz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter examines the question whether the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has exercised an influence on Tunisian judges and the extent of that influence. After explaining the general legal background of Tunisia as a legal system and the attitude of Tunisian judges towards foreign legal sources in general, the chapter explores the available case law of Tunisian courts in order to identify the areas of law where such an influence manifests itself. It shows that, generally speaking, Tunisian judges are quite open to foreign legal sources and frequently cite those sources in their judgments. However, when it comes to the case law of the CJEU, two opposite trends could be identified. On the one hand, the case law of Tunisian ordinary courts shows that the CJEU exercises little influence on Tunisian judges, despite extensive and diversified cooperation between the EU and Tunisia. On the other hand, the case law of the Competition Council shows that the Council is more willing to refer to CJEU decisions in deciding the cases pending before them. The chapter considers several reasons that are likely to explain this double aspect of the influence of the CJEU on Tunisian judges. It argues that the weakness of comparative research, legal education in general, as well as the role played by legal actors in Tunisia are among the main reasons behind the current situation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Impact of the European Court of Justice on Neighbouring Countries
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages48
ISBN (Electronic)9780198855934
StatePublished - 19 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Several Contributors 2020.


  • CJEU
  • Competition
  • EU
  • Foreign legal sources
  • Influence
  • Tunisia


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