Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This article is a chapter in a comprehensive study on popular religion and culture in Israeli Haredi society. It is based upon a lecture delivered at a con- ference on “The Holocaust in Jewish History,” Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, January 1999, and an article in Hebrew scheduled to appear in the proceedings of this conference. This study was supported by research grants from the International Institute for Holocaust Research, Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, 2000; the Yitz-hak Rabin Center for Israel Studies, Tel-Aviv, 1999–2001; and the Van Leer Jerusalem Institute, 2001–2002. I express my gratitude to the Harvard College Library for its permission to quote from its audiotape collection, and the staff of the Jewish department of the library and of the Harvard language laboratories for their ongoing assistance. These audiotapes are cited by their archival marking plus the letters HCL. Two technical notes: typographical errors in source texts are placed in round brackets and my corrections and remarks appear in square brackets. Emphasis in quotations appeared in the original. Finally, I thank Israel Bartal, Yoram Bilu, Richelle Budd Caplan, Steven Katz, Dan Michman, and David Silberklang for their comments and criticism on earlier drafts of this article.