The Gilgamesh epic and the book of Qohelet: A new look

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This paper re-examines the relation between the Gilgamesh tradition and Qohelet. It presents formerly recognized analogies between the two texts, along with a newly identified parallel. Analysis of the data indicates that Gilgamesh is the only currently known ancient text that can be considered a direct literary source of Qohelet. The paper then discusses the nature of the Gilgamesh epic used by Qohelet's author. It shows that this version is not identical with any Gilgamesh recension known to us. Consequently, an attempt is made to describe this unique Gilgamesh version, and to locate it within Qohelet's historical and intellectual context.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-390
Number of pages16
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We gratefully acknowledge K.J. Hemker and J. Balk for assistance with the quasi-static compression experiments and Cang Fan for assistance with sample preparation. This research was sponsored by the Army Research Laboratory (ARMAC-RTP) and was accomplished under the ARMAC-RTP Cooperative Agreement No. DAAD19-01-2-0003. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the Army Research Laboratory or the U.S. Government. The U.S. Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Government purposes not withstanding any copyright notation hereon.


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