The Effect of Stress on Cognitive Structuring: A Cognitive Motivational Model

Yoram Bar-Tal, Amit Shrira, Giora Keinan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


In this article, we outline a model of the factors involved in the relationship between stress and cognitive structuring. More specifically, we propose that the desire for certainty, the need for cognitive structure, and perceived efficacy at satisfying one's epistemic needs intervene in the effect exerted by stress on cognitive structuring. We further suggest expanding the model to account for aspects of general information processing and to encompass the effect of various trait-like characteristics on the cognitive response to stress. We also offer an account of the possible effects of extreme stress on the model's components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-99
Number of pages13
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Review
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2013


  • certainty
  • cognitive structuring
  • efficacy at fulfilling epistemic needs
  • need for structure
  • stress


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