The effect of pressure on the electroanalytical response of graphite anodes and LiCoO2 cathodes for Li-ion batteries

J. S. Gnanaraj, Y. S. Cohen, M. D. Levi, D. Aurbach

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The effect of the application of pressure during the preparation of composite flaky synthetic graphite anodes and LiCoO2 cathodes on their electrochemical behavior in Li insertion and de-insertion processes was studied using voltammetry, chronopotentiometry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and ex situ AFM imaging. Unpressurized graphite electrodes reach a higher capacity and have faster kinetics than the same electrodes compressed or rolled at 5 × 103 kg cm-3. In contrast, the performance of rolled or compressed LiCoO2 electrodes in terms of capacity and kinetics was better than the performance of the unpressed electrodes. AFM imaging of pristine and cycled electrodes demonstrated a pronounced effect of pressure on the morphology of graphite electrodes, whereas the impact of pressure on the morphology of LiCoO2 electrodes was found to be much less pronounced. It was concluded that compressing graphite electrodes has an adverse effect on the contact between the active mass and ions in solution, while compressing LiCoO2 electrodes does not adversely affect the contact between solution species and the active mass, but rather, improves inter-particle electrical contact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-102
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 14 Dec 2001

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Partial support for this work was obtained from the BMBF, the German Ministry of Science, in the framework of the DIP program for Collaboration between Israeli and German Scientists, and from the National Science Foundation of the Israeli Academy of Science.


  • Composite electrode
  • Graphite
  • Impedance spectroscopy
  • Li-ion batteries
  • Li-ion conductivity
  • Surface films
  • Transition metal oxide


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