The effect of pre-pandemic PTSD and depression symptoms on mental distress among older adults during COVID-19

Ella Cohn-Schwartz, Yaakov Hoffman, Amit Shrira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To explore the extent that pre-COVID-19 comorbid PTSD-depression symptoms prospectively predict mental distress among older adults during COVID-19. Methods: We used the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE-Israel), and focused on older adults who participated in 2015 and 2020 and were aged 60 years old or above in 2020 (N = 754). Mental distress was measured via symptoms of depression, feeling anxious\nervous, and loneliness. Results: Older adults who suffered from PTSD-depression comorbidity prior to the pandemic showed the highest risk of feeling more depressed, anxious\nervous, and lonelier than those with no pre-pandemic symptoms. Conclusions: This study suggests that it would be beneficial to prioritize those older adults with a comorbid PTSD-depression diagnosis for interventions, as they are at the highest risk for mental distress in the event of a new stressor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-637
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume151
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Coronavirus
  • Loneliness
  • Mental health
  • Psychological distress
  • Trauma

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