The effect of polyhydramnios degree on chromosomal microarray results: a retrospective cohort analysis of 742 singleton pregnancies

Lena Sagi-Dain, Amihood Singer, Tzipora Falik-Zaccai, Amir Peleg, Anat Bar-Shira, Michal Feingold-Zadok, Shay Ben Shachar, Idit Maya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To analyze the risk for clinically significant microarray aberrations in pregnancies with polyhydramnios. Methods: Data from all chromosomal microarray analyses (CMA) performed due to polyhydramnios between January 2013 and December 2019 were retrospectively obtained from the Ministry of Health Database. The rate of clinically significant (pathogenic and likely pathogenic) CMA findings in isolated and non-isolated polyhydramnios cohorts was compared to a local control group of 5541 fetuses with normal ultrasound, in which 78 (1.4%) abnormal results were demonstrated. Subgroup analyses were performed by the degree of polyhydramnios, week of diagnosis, maternal age, and the presence of additional sonographic anomalies. Results: In the isolated polyhydramnios cohort, 19/623 (3.1%) clinically significant CMA aberrations were noted, a significantly higher rate compared to the control population. However, the risk for abnormal CMA results in the 158 cases with mild polyhydramnios (AFI 25–29.9, or maximal vertical pocket 8–11.9 cm) did not significantly differ from pregnancies with normal ultrasound. Of 119 cases of non-isolated polyhydramnios (most frequently associated with cardiovascular (26.1%) and brain (15.1%) anomalies), 8 (6.7%) abnormal CMA findings were noted, mainly karyotype-detectable. Conclusion: Mild polyhydramnios was not associated with an increased rate of clinically significant microarray results, compared to pregnancies with normal ultrasound. An extensive anatomical sonographic survey should be performed in pregnancies with polyhydramnios, with consideration of fetal echocardiography.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)649-656
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume304
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH, DE part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Microarray
  • Polyhydramnios
  • Prenatal diagnosis
  • Ultrasound

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