The effect of background stimulative music on behavior in Alzheimer's patients

Naomi Ziv, Amit Granot, Sharon Hai, Ayelet Dassa, Iris Haimov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


Previous studies have demonstrated the benefits of music therapy in Alzheimer's patients, focusing either on improvement of healthy cognitive and social skills, or reduction of agitation symptoms. The present study examined the effect of background music on both positive and negative behaviors, during a time in which patients were not occupied with any structured activity. Twenty eight participants were observed both with and without stimulative, familiar background music. Results showed both a significant increase in positive social behaviors and a significant decrease in negative behaviors related to agitation when music is played. Results demonstrate the contribution of music to enhancing general positive functioning in elderly patients with dementia, and reducing negative behaviors typical of their condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-343
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Music Therapy
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes


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