The double gender bias in parental kidney donation among Muslim Arab patients

Mahdi Tarabeih, Ya'arit Bokek-Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Previous studies showed that it is usually the mother who agrees to donate her kidney to a child with an end-stage renal disease, while the fathers tend much less to donate. The present study sought to explore decision-making regarding which parent would donate a kidney to their child. Interviews were conducted with twenty-five mothers and six fathers who donated a kidney to their child. Analysis of the narratives reveals unwillingness to donate a kidney to a sick daughter and five reasons why mothers are more willing to donate than fathers. Our study shows that parents’ patterns of kidney donation to their children powerfully demonstrate gender relations in Arab society and that culturally related matters have a significant impact on human organ transplantation, hence on quality of life and the chances of survival of nephrological pediatric patients. We recommend that the nursing staff enlist the help of Muslim clerics to increase the willingness of fathers to donate a kidney, for sons as well as for daughters. We call for designing education campaigns aimed at raising awareness and encouraging changes in the attitudes of the families of pediatric ESRD patients as well as of physicians.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12410
JournalNursing Inquiry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd


  • Arab
  • Muslim
  • kidney donation
  • live donor
  • transplantation


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