The development and validation of the leader as security provider scale

Fernando Molero, Mario Mikulincer, Phillip R. Shaver, Ana Laguia, Juan A. Moriano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In three studies we examined, from an attachment perspective, the utility and the validity of a scale assessing followers' perceptions of leaders as security providers (LSPS). Based on the literature, we designed a 15-item scale tapping the five functions of a security-enhancing attachment figure (secure base, safe haven, proximity seeking, emotional ties, and separation distress) within organizational contexts. The scale showed acceptable reliability and a one-factor structure in all the studies. In Study 1 (N = 237), the LSPS was positively associated with transformational leadership and inversely associated with passive-avoidant leadership. Moreover, employees' perceptions of their leader as a security provider made a unique contribution to their satisfaction with the manager and perception of the manager's efficacy. In Study 2 (N = 263), the LSPS was positively associated with authentic leadership. Employees' ratings of their leader on the LSPS were positively associated with employees' organizational identification, work engagement, and work satisfaction. In Study 3 (N = 263), we found that employees' perceptions of their leader as a security provider had a protective effect on their job burnout. The findings indicate that research on the follower-leader relationship can benefit from the adoption of an attachment perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-193
Number of pages11
JournalRevista de Psicologia del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Colegio Oficial de Psicologos de Madrid. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Follower-leader bond Burnout Transformational leadership Authentic leadership Attachment figure

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The development and validation of the leader as security provider scale'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this