The Charge Storage Mechanisms of 2D Cation-Intercalated Manganese Oxide in Different Electrolytes

Qingnuan Zhang, Mikhael D. Levi, Qingyun Dou, Yulan Lu, Yinguang Chai, Shulai Lei, Hengxing Ji, Bao Liu, Xudong Bu, Pengjun Ma, Xingbin Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

2D ion-intercalated metal oxides are emerging promising new electrodes for supercapacitors because of their unique layered structure as well as distinctive electronic properties. To facilitate their application, fundamental study of the charge storage mechanism is required. Herein, it is demonstrated that the application of in situ Raman spectroscopy and electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (EQCM-D), provides a sufficient basis to elucidate the charge storage mechanism in a typical 2D cation-intercalated manganese oxide (Na0.55Mn2O4·1.5H2O, abbreviated as NMO) in neutral and alkaline aqueous electrolytes. The results reveal that in neutral Na2SO4 electrolytes, NMO mainly displays a surface-controlled pseudocapacitive behavior in the low potential region (0–0.8 V), but when the potential is higher than 0.8 V, an intercalation pseudocapacitive behavior becomes dominant. By contrast, NMO shows a battery-like behavior associated with OH ions in alkaline NaOH electrolyte. This study verifies that the charge storage mechanism of NMO strongly depends on the type of electrolyte, and even in the same electrolyte, different charging behaviors are revealed in different potential ranges which should be carefully taken into account when optimizing the use of the electrode materials in practical energy-storage devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1802707
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Jan 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Keywords

  • cation-intercalated manganese oxide
  • charge storage mechanism
  • electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance
  • operando Raman
  • supercapacitors

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