A clay seal from the collection of the late professor Dan Barag bears an inscription The Boule of Baitolethepha. The village of Baitolethepha (Beit-Nattif/Pella) was the administrative center of a Toparchy in Judea. This seal seems to prove that central toparchy villages, at least in Roman period Judea, had local councils called boulai and that this type of institution was not exclusive to poleis.
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© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2020
- Jewish institutions
- Local administration
- Roman Egypt
- Roman Syria
- Town councils