הקשר בין רמת דתיות למאפיינים פסיכולוגיים בקרב ניצולי השואה

Translated title of the contribution: The Association between Religiosity Level and Psychological Factors Among Holocaust Survivors

רות פרבשטיין, יובל פלגי, עמית שרירא, מנחם בן-עזרא

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Elderly Holocaust survivors cope with long-term effects of the Holocaust. In addition, they have to cope with their old age and its consequences. Research shows that even 70 years after the Holocaust, survivors continue to demonstrate mental and physical vulnerability as a consequence of the trauma they have experienced. On the other hand, survivors are known to possess readjustment resources which have enabled them to reconstruct their lives. The purpose of the present research is to examine the correlation between religiosity level and psychological aspects among elderly Holocaust survivors in Israel. The research encompasses 80 Jewish elderly people, divided into four groups: ultra-orthodox Holocaust survivors; secular Holocaust survivors; ultra-orthodox respondents who did not experience the Holocaust; and secular respondents who did not experience the Holocaust. The findings show that higher levels of psychological hardships, depressive symptoms, and psycho-somatic symptoms were found among secular Holocaust survivors, in comparison to ultra-orthodox non-survivors. The findings also indicate that ultra-orthodox, in comparison to secular survivors, reported higher levels of life satisfaction. Secular survivors reported lower self-rated health than ultra-orthodox survivors, which indicates that secular survivors demonstrated higher vulnerability concerning subjective health. In addition, it was found that Holocaust survivors, in comparison to elderly people that did not experience the Holocaust, reported higher levels of loneliness, while the highest loneliness levels were found among secular survivors. The present findings mirror a picture indicating that religiosity level constitutes some kind of a "barrier," albeit limited, against the long-term effects of trauma.
Translated title of the contributionThe Association between Religiosity Level and Psychological Factors Among Holocaust Survivors
Original languageHebrew
Pages (from-to)13-32
Number of pages20
Journalגרונטולוגיה וגריאטריה: כתב-עת בנושאי הזיקנה
Volumeמ"ב
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015

IHP Publications

  • ihp
  • Holocaust survivors -- Medical care
  • Holocaust survivors -- Psychological aspects
  • Loneliness
  • Older people -- Health and hygiene
  • Psychic trauma
  • Religiousness
  • Resilience (Personality trait)
  • Satisfaction

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