The 2019-20 Israeli electoral digital campaigns: Algorithmic campaigns’ slippery slope

Sharon Haleva-Amir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article focuses on the three Israeli digital campaigns during 2019–20 elections through their most prominent negative trends, namely: fake news, accounts and identities; politicians’ chat bots; influence and interruption networks, illegal information accumulation on Israeli citizens via social media and voting apps; anonymous and fake spam, and a complete lack of compliance with the statutory and regulatory framework. With technology’s speedy advancement, legal tools’ lagging, and political actors’ exploitation of the situation to their benefit, it seems that these campaigns, setting forth a fifth phase of political communication–Algorithmic Campaigns–constitute a rather bleak and grim future, as far as elections are concerned, thereby calling for rethinking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)940-955
Number of pages16
JournalIsrael Affairs
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Israel
  • algorithmic campaigns
  • elections
  • electoral campaigns
  • fake news
  • interruption networks
  • political spam


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