Testosterone therapy in the aging male

Bruno Lunenfeld, Eberhard Nieschlag

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    45 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The decline, with aging, in serum concentrations of biologically active forms of testosterone in men is an indisputable fact and some men will eventually develop symptoms of late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) with its clinical consequences. LOH reduces quality of life and may pose important risk factors for frailty, changes in body composition, cardiovascular disease, sexual dysfunction and osteoporosis. Testosterone supplementation in cases of LOH will restore serum testosterone levels into the physiologic range; will restore metabolic parameters to the eugonadal state, increase muscle mass, strength, and function; maintaine or improve BMD reducing fracture risk; will improve neuropsychological function (cognition and mood); libido and sexual functioning; and enhance quality of life. The ultimate goals, however, are to maintain or regain a high quality of life, to reduce disability, to compress major illnesses into a narrow age range and to add life to years. To achieve these goals men must also adjust their lifestyle to optimize dietary habits, as well as to exercise and to abstain from smoking life-long. Monitoring these patients is a shared responsibility that cannot be taken lightly. The physician must emphasize to the patient the need for periodic evaluations and the patient must agree to comply with these requirements. The physician's evaluation should include an assessment of the clinical response and monitoring must be tailored to the indications and individual needs of the patient.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)139-153
    Number of pages15
    JournalAging Male
    Volume10
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 2007

    Keywords

    • Aging
    • Late-onset hypogonadism
    • Libido
    • Obesity
    • Testosterone
    • Testosterone therapy

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