Testing the Causal Links Between School Climate, School Violence, and School Academic Performance: A Cross-Lagged Panel Autoregressive Model

Rami Benbenishty, Ron Avi Astor, Ilan Roziner, Stephani L. Wrabel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study explores the causal link between school climate, school violence, and a school’s general academic performance over time using a school-level, cross-lagged panel autoregressive modeling design. We hypothesized that reductions in school violence and climate improvement would lead to schools’ overall improved academic performance. School-level secondary analysis of the California Healthy Kids Survey was conducted at three points in time. Findings offer credible evidence that a school’s overall improvement in academic performance is a central causal factor in reducing violence and enhancing a school’s climate. In the discussion, we suggest that when strong efforts to improve academics are taken, schools may tend to include issues of climate and victimization as part of those academic reform efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-206
Number of pages10
JournalEducational Researcher
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, © 2016 AERA.

Keywords

  • achievement
  • learning environments
  • secondary data analysis
  • social context
  • structural equation modeling
  • violence

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