TES stimulation as a tool to investigate cognitive processes in healthy individuals

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This paper is aimed at providing an introduction to up-to-date noninvasive brain stimulation tools that have been successful in modulating higher-level cognitive functions in healthy individuals. The current review focuses on transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) studies aiming to explore cognitive models from an experimental rather than clinical viewpoint. It focuses primarily on major advances in language, working memory, learning, response inhibition, and other executive functions in healthy individuals, and the use of different methods of electrical brain stimulation such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), and transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS). The final section summarizes the scientific novelty of the reviewed papers and discusses the possible roles of brain stimulation in future experimental research and clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-29
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Psychologist
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Hogrefe Publishing.


  • Brain stimulation
  • Cognitive enhancement
  • TACS
  • TDCS
  • TRNS


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