Temporal Encryption at 1 Tb/s

Avi Klein, Shir Shahal, Hamootal Duadi, Gilad Masri, Moti Fridman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Modern networks implement multilayer encryption architecture to increase network security, stability, and robustness. Encryption on the lower layers is essential for the safety of the entire network traffic. However, at the lower layers, the data rate is at its highest, and any latency affects the network bandwidth and reduces performance. The best solution to prevent latency is to resort to optical devices that operate at the optical transfer rate, which can revolutionize the field. We developed a new paradigm for optical encryption based on the strengths of optics over electronics and according to temporal optics principles and demonstrated a highly efficient all-optical encryption scheme for modern networks. Specifically, we utilize dispersion together with nonlinear interaction for mixing neighboring bits with a private key. The security of the system is not based on encryption algorithms but on the physical properties of photodetectors that are not able to read long ultrafast signals. Our system encrypts the entire network traffic with low latency, encrypts the signal itself, exploits only one nonlinear interaction, is energetically efficient with low ecologic footprint, and can be added to current networks without replacing the hardware such as the lasers, the transmitters, the routers, the amplifiers, or the receivers. Our method can replace current slow encryption methods or can be added to increase the security of existing systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2344-2350
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Issue number12
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1983-2012 IEEE.


  • Four-wave mixing
  • optical data processing
  • optical encryption
  • temporal optics
  • time-lens


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