Taliglucerase alfa leads to favorable bone marrow responses in patients with type I Gaucher disease

L. van Dussen, A. Zimran, E. M. Akkerman, J. M.F.G. Aerts, M. Petakov, D. Elstein, H. Rosenbaum, D. Aviezer, E. Brill-Almon, R. Chertkoff, M. Maas, C. E.M. Hollak

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31 Scopus citations


Taliglucerase alfa (Protalix Biotherapeutics, Israel) is a carrot-cell-expressed recombinant human beta-glucocerebrosidase recently approved in the United States for the treatment of type 1 Gaucher disease (GD). As bone disease is one of the most debilitating features of GD, quantification of bone marrow involvement is important for monitoring the response to treatment. Therefore, bone marrow fat fraction (Ff) measured by quantitative chemical shift imaging (QCSI) was included as exploratory parameter to evaluate bone marrow response in treatment naïve GD patients participating in a double-blind, randomized phase III study.Eight GD patients with intact spleens were treated with 30 or 60. U/kg biweekly. Ff results were compared to outcomes in 15 untreated Dutch GD patients with a follow-up interval of 1. year.Five taliglucerase alfa treated patients had a Ff below the threshold that relates to complication risk (<. 0.23) at baseline (median (n=8) 0.19, range 0.11-0.35). Ff significantly increased compared to baseline (p=0.012) and compared to untreated patients (p=0.005), already after 1. year of follow-up with further improvement up to 36. months. In four patients with the lowest Ff, the higher dose resulted in increases above 0.23 within 1. year. All patients had sustained improvements in all other parameters. There was no influence of antibodies on response parameters.Treatment with taliglucerase alfa results in significant increases in lumbar spine fat fractions, which indicates clearance of Gaucher cells from the bone marrow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-211
Number of pages6
JournalBlood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Bone marrow fat fraction
  • Gaucher disease
  • Quantitative chemical shift imaging
  • Taliglucerase alfa


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