Tailoring Zirconia Supported Intermetallic Platinum Alloy via Reactive Metal-Support Interactions for High-Performing Fuel Cells

Zijie Lin, Nadaraj Sathishkumar, Yu Xia, Shenzhou Li, Xuan Liu, Jialun Mao, Hao Shi, Gang Lu, Tanyuan Wang, Hsing Lin Wang, Yunhui Huang, Lior Elbaz, Qing Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Developing efficient and anti-corrosive oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts is of great importance for the applications of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). Herein, we report a novel approach to prepare metal oxides supported intermetallic Pt alloy nanoparticles (NPs) via the reactive metal-support interaction (RMSI) as ORR catalysts, using Ni-doped cubic ZrO2 (Ni/ZrO2) supported L10−PtNi NPs as a proof of concept. Benefiting from the Ni migration during RMSI, the oxygen vacancy concentrations in the support are increased, leading to an electron enrichment of Pt. The optimal L10−PtNi−Ni/ZrO2−RMSI catalyst achieves remarkably low mass activity (MA) loss (17.8 %) after 400,000 accelerated durability test cycles in a half-cell and exceptional PEMFC performance (MA=0.76 A mgPt−1 at 0.9 V, peak power density=1.52/0.92 W cm−2 in H2−O2/−air, and 18.4 % MA decay after 30,000 cycles), representing the best reported Pt-based ORR catalysts without carbon supports. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that L10−PtNi−Ni/ZrO2−RMSI requires a lower energetic barrier for ORR than L10−PtNi−Ni/ZrO2 (direct loading), which is ascribed to a decreased Bader charge transfer between Pt and *OH, and the improved stability of L10−PtNi−Ni/ZrO2−RMSI compared to L10−PtNi−C can be contributed to the increased adhesion energy and Ni vacancy formation energy within the PtNi alloy.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202400751
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume63
Issue number26
Early online date18 Apr 2024
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Jun 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

Keywords

  • fuel cells
  • intermetallics
  • oxygen reduction reaction
  • reactive metal-support interaction
  • zirconia

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