Tailor-made Hybrid Learning for Engineering Students in Peripheral Colleges

Eran Gur

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Education methodology is a constantly developing field. From kindergarten to academy new methods and approaches are suggested almost daily. Many of the methods are excellent for some age ranges but have no advantage for others. In this paper we scan through the main pedagogies used in the academy for engineering education and focus on the advantages and disadvantages of the flipped classroom. Next, we target the asymmetry problem of the Flipped Classroom and suggest several novelties we call PACE (Pedagogy for Academic College Engineering). First, we suggest a periodic approach for teaching (the Sine-wave approach), we will show that this approach corrects the main problem of the Flipped Classroom but might be over-symmetric. Next, we suggest an improvement in a new non-symmetric approach (the Sinc-function approach). Finally, the previous learning method portrayed by an even function will be replaced by an approach portrayed by an odd function (the signed-Sinc approach). While the Sine-wave approach allows perfect symmetry between on-campus and off campus activities (or between lecturer responsibilities and students responsibilities), the Sinc-function approach requires more time on-campus and more responsibility falls in the lap of the lecturer. The signed-Sinc approach regains the temporal symmetry between on-campus and off-campus activity by generating asymmetry between pre-lecture and post-lecture activities. All these new approaches are explained in detail in terms of benefits and disadvantages, thus allowing the college lecturer to use either of these methods or to transform them into his own.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMobility for Smart Cities and Regional Development - Challenges for Higher Education - Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Interactive Collaborative Learning, ICL 2021
EditorsMichael E. Auer, Hanno Hortsch, Oliver Michler, Thomas Köhler
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9783030939069
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes
Event24th International Conference on Interactive Collaborative Learning, ICL 2021 - Dresden, Germany
Duration: 22 Sep 202124 Sep 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Networks and Systems
Volume390 LNNS
ISSN (Print)2367-3370
ISSN (Electronic)2367-3389


Conference24th International Conference on Interactive Collaborative Learning, ICL 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • Engineering education
  • Flipped classroom
  • Hybrid learning


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