Systematic color variation across the solid solution members, Li2Mn1-xTixO3 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0)

Akanksha Gupta, Sachin Pal, S. Uma

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3 Scopus citations


This study investigated the formation of a layered rock salt superstructure series for the oxides Li2(Mn1-xTix)O3 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) and the effects of the progressive substitution of Ti4+ (d0) for Mn4+ (d3) on the structural and optical properties. The members where 0.0 < x ≤ 0.85 adopted the structure of Li2MnO3 (S.G. C2/m; a = 4.934 (1); b = 8.530 (2); c = 5.021 (1) Å; β = 109.46 (1)°) according to powder X-ray diffraction measurements and the characteristic Raman bands. By contrast, the members corresponding to the range of 0.85 < x < 1.0 resembled that of Li2TiO3 (S.G. C2/c; a = 5.0585 (2); b = 8.7780 (4); c = 9.7452 (4) Å; β = 100.183 (3)°). Starting from the brick-red color of Li2MnO3, the color changed to ochre and then to orange as the concentration of Ti4+ increased, and finally to colorless for Li2TiO3. The corresponding photoluminescence spectrum for the lowest (0.05) Mn4+ substitution in Li2TiO3 confirmed the presence of Mn4+ ions, where the bands at 684 and 698 nm were due to the transitions: 2E → 4A2 and 2T14A2. The photoluminescence intensities decreased systematically as the Mn4+ content increased starting from x = 0.95. The ionic conductivity measurements indicated the temperature dependence of the nominal conductivity values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-244
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids
StatePublished - Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd


  • Ionic conductivity
  • Lithium oxide
  • Photoluminescence
  • Rock salt ordered structures


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