Synthesis in Gas and Liquid Phase: General Discussion

Philip Davies, Pagona Papakonstantinou, Nazario Martin, Irena Kratochvílová, Chris Ewels, Milo Shaffer, Toshiaki Enoki, Malcolm Heggie, Thurid Gspann, Turak Ayse, Oana Andreea Bârsan, David Zitoun, Pulickel Ajayan, Lyndsey Mooring, Varsha Khare, Alexander Zöpfl , Andreas Hirsch, Mark Baxendale, Pedro Costa, Vladimir FalkoJuan Casado, Lok Shu Hui, Alan Windle, Alexander Sinitskii, Matthew Rosseinksy, Thanh Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate


CONTEXT   Our knowledge of the current epidemiology of skin infections among wrestlers is limited. OBJECTIVE   To analyze and report the epidemiology of skin infections among National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) men's wrestling student-athletes during the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years. DESIGN   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING   Aggregate skin infection and exposure data collected by the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS   Collegiate men's wrestling student-athletes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S)   All viral, bacterial, or fungal skin infections reported by athletic trainers at 17 NCAA programs were analyzed, providing 35 team-seasons of data. Skin infection rates per 10 000 athlete-exposures (AEs), rate ratios, skin infection proportions, and skin infection proportion ratios were calculated. RESULTS   The athletic trainers reported 112 skin infections contracted by 87 student-athletes across 78 720 AEs. The overall skin infection rate was 14.23/10 000 AEs (95% confidence interval [CI] = 11.59, 16.86). Of the skin infections identified, 22.3% (n = 25) were recurrent skin infections. Most skin infections (65.2%) were attributable to 5 team-seasons (range, 11-19 infections). Most skin infections occurred during the regular season (n = 76, 67.9%), were identified during practice (n = 100, 89.3%), and resulted in ≥24 hours' time loss (n = 83, 74.1%). The rate for viral skin infections was 1.72 times the rate for bacterial skin infections (95% CI = 1.09, 2.72) and 2.08 times the rate for fungal skin infections (95% CI = 1.28, 3.39). Fungal skin infections more often resulted in time loss
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)115-135
Number of pages21
JournalFaraday Discussions
StatePublished - 2014


Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis in Gas and Liquid Phase: General Discussion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this