Synthesis and properties of nanofunctionalized particulate materials

J. Fitz-Gerald, S. Pennycook, H. Gao, R. K. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


A wide range of advanced technology for existing and emerging products based on high temperature metal-ceramic composites used in aircrafts, cutting tools, lithium-ion based rechargeable batteries, superconductors, field emission based flat-panel displays, etc. employ micron to submicron sized (0.1 -10 microns) particulate precursors in their manufacturing process. Although there has been a significant emphasis given to control of the particle characteristics (shape, size, surface chemistry, adsorption, etc.), relatively little or no attention has been paid to concomitant designing desirable surface and bulk properties at the particulate level, which can ultimately lead to enhanced properties of the product. By attaching atomic to nano-sized inorganic, multi-elemental clusters either in discrete or continuous form onto the surface of the core particles, i.e nano-functionalization of the particulate surface, materials and products with significantly enhanced properties can be obtained. In this paper, we demonstrate the synthesis of artificially structured, nano-functionalized particulate materials with unique optical, cathodoluminescent, superconducting and electrical properties. In this paper, we show the feasibility of the pulsed laser ablation technique to make very thin, uniformly distributed and discrete coatings in particulate systems so that the properties of the core particles can be suitably modified. Experiments were conducted for laser deposition on Al2O3, SiO2 core particles by pulsed excimer laser (wavelength = 248 nm and pulse duration = 25 nanosecond) by irradiation of a Ag and Y2O3:Eu3+ targets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1167-1171
Number of pages5
JournalNanostructured Materials
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1998 4th International Conference on Nanostructured Materials (NANO '98) - Stockholm, Swed
Duration: 14 Jun 199819 Jun 1998


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