Nanoparticles with innovative optical, chemical, and magnetic properties combined in a single nanoparticle may be useful as biosensors, targeting agents, and therapeutic agents in the biomedical field. This study describes new magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) containing the fluorescent dye rhodamine isothiocyanate (RITC) covalently encapsulated within the nanoparticles. These nanoparticles have been prepared by nucleation followed by controlled growth of iron oxide layers onto iron oxide/gelatin-RITC nuclei. The formed RITC labeled MNPs (R-MNPs) are of narrow size distribution, exhibit the fluorescent spectrum of RITC, yet are more photostable. Because of the covalent encapsulation of RITC within the MNPs no detectable leakage of the fluorescent dye into the aqueous continuous phase was observed. This manuscript also demonstrates that the surface of the R-MNPs retains similar ligand binding efficiency as the equivalent nonfluorescent MNPs. Specific cell labeling was obtained by incubating glia cells with R-MNPs conjugated to glial cell linederived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) protein. We further showed that the R-MNPs may be used for pH sensing between the pH range of 5 and 9. This feature may enable the use of the R-MNPs as a pH sensor of animal tissues and cell compartments. Thus, these functional narrow size distribution R-MNPs with both magnetic and fluorescent properties may provide an important research tool for biological sensing.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials|
|State||Published - Feb 2010|