Synthesis and Characterization of Durable Antibiofilm and Antiviral Silane-Phosphonium Thin Coatings for Medical and Agricultural Applications

Matan Nissim, Taly lline-Vul, Sivan Shoshani, Gila Jacobi, Eyal Malka, Aviv Dombrovsky, Ehud Banin, Shlomo Margel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pathogens such as bacteria and viruses cause disease in a range of hosts, from humans to plants. Bacterial biofilms, communities of bacteria, e.g., Staphylococcus aureusand Escherichia coli, attached to the surface, create a protective layer that enhances their survival in harsh environments and resistance to antibiotics and the host’s immune system. Biofilms are commonly associated with food spoilage and chronic infections, posing challenges for treatment and prevention. Tomato brown rugose fruit virus (ToBRFV), a newly discovered tobamovirus, infects tomato plants, causing unique symptoms on the fruit, posing a risk for tomato production. The present study focuses on the effectiveness of silane-phosphonium thin coatings on polymeric films, e.g., polypropylene. Phosphonium has significant antibacterial activity and is less susceptible to antibacterial resistance, making it a safer alternative with a reduced environmental impact. We successfully synthesized silane-phosphonium monomers as confirmed by 31P NMR and mass spectrometry. The chemical composition, thickness, morphology, and wetting properties of the coatings were tested by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy with attenuated total reflectance, focused ion beam, atomic force microscopy, environmental scanning electron microscope, and contact angle (CA) measurements. The antibiofilm and antibacterial activities of the coatings were tested against S. aureus and E. coli, while the antiviral activity was evaluated against ToBRFV. The significant antibiofilm and antiviral activity suggests applications in various fields including medicine, agriculture, and the food industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39354-39365
Number of pages12
JournalACS Omega
Volume8
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society

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