Synergistic effects of nanoarchitecture and oxygen vacancy in nickel molybdate hollow sphere towards a high-performance hybrid supercapacitor

Periyasamy Sivakumar, C. Justin Raj, Jeong Won Park, Hyun Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The facile design and fabrication of nanoarchitectured binary transition metal oxide electrode materials are essentially required for the advancement of high-performance supercapacitors (SCs). Herein, we prepared an oxygen-vacant NiMoO4 (Ov-NiMoO4) hollow sphere via a simple hydrothermal approach and subsequent heat treatment under an argon atmosphere. In particular, the oxygen vacancy is confirmed by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman, and differential reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) UV-Vis spectra studies. Furthermore, the generation of the oxygen vacancy could enhance the electrical conductivity and improve Faradaic redox sites. Significantly, the Ov-NiMoO4 hollow sphere depicts a larger specific capacity (Csp) of 496 mA h g−1 at 1 A g−1 than the bare-NiMoO4 (b-NiMoO4; 279 mA h g−1) thermally treated under air. Furthermore, the hybrid SC (HSC) is fabricated based on the Ov-NiMoO4//activated carbon, revealing a high specific capacitance (Cs) of 120 F g−1 and providing a large energy density (ED) of 37.49 W h kg−1 and power density (PD) of 36.61 kW kg−1. Moreover, the HSC shows considerable cyclic stability of ~91.14% over 20 000 cycles. The results divulge that the poor crystallinity and the introduction of oxygen vacancies play a vital role in enhancing the charge-storage capability of the materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21516-21526
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Volume45
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Keywords

  • NiMoO
  • energy storage
  • hollow sphere
  • hybrid supercapacitor
  • oxygen vacancy

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