Symmetry structure of integrable hyperbolic third order equations

Alexander G. Rasin, Jeremy Schiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We explore the application of generating symmetries, i.e. symmetries that depend on a parameter, to integrable hyperbolic third order equations, and in particular to consistent pairs of such equations as introduced by Adler and Shabat in (2012 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 45 385207). Our main result is that different infinite hierarchies of symmetries for these equations can arise from a single generating symmetry by expansion about different values of the parameter. We illustrate this, and study in depth the symmetry structure, for two examples. The first is an equation related to the potential KdV equation taken from (Adler and Shabat 2012 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 45 385207). The second is a more general hyperbolic equation than the kind considered in (Adler and Shabat 2012 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 45 385207). Both equations depend on a parameter, and when this parameter vanishes they become part of a consistent pair. When this happens, the nature of the expansions of the generating symmetries needed to derive the hierarchies also changes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number485204
JournalJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Issue number48
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd.


  • generating
  • hierarchies
  • hyperbolic
  • integrable
  • symmetry


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