Switching of multi-state magnetic structures via domain wall propagation triggered by spin-orbit torques

Shubhankar Das, Ariel Zaig, Hariharan Nhalil, Liran Avraham, Moty Schultz, Lior Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Spin-orbit torques emerge as a promising method for manipulating magnetic configurations of spintronic devices. Here, we show that these torques can induce a magnetization reversal via domain wall propagation which may open new ways in developing novel spintronic devices and in particular in realizing high-density multi-level magnetic memory. Our devices are bi-layer heterostructures of Ni0.8Fe0.2 on top of β-Ta patterned in the form of two or three crossing ellipses which exhibit in the crossing area shape-induced biaxial and triaxial magnetic anisotropy, respectively. We demonstrate field-free switching between discrete remanent magnetic states of the structures by spin-orbit torques induced by flowing electrical current through one of the ellipses. We note switchings induced by the coupling between the ellipses where current flowing in one ellipse triggers a reversal in a neighboring ellipse which propagates from the center outwards. Numerical tools successfully simulate the observed coupling-induced switching using experimentally extracted parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20368
Pages (from-to)20368
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - 30 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

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© 2019, The Author(s).


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