Sutureless Versus Stented Valve in Aortic Valve Replacement in Patients with Small Annulus

Amjad Shalabi, Dan Spiegelstein, Leonid Sternik, Micha S. Feinberg, Alexander Kogan, Shany Levin, Boris Orlov, Eyal Nachum, Alexander Lipey, Ehud Raanani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Aortic valve replacement, particularly in elderly patients with small aortic annulus, could lead to patient-prosthesis mismatch. Sutureless bioprosthesis could be an ideal solution for these patients. We compared results of aortic valve replacement with sutureless versus stented bioprosthetic valves. Methods. Of the 63 patients undergoing aortic valve replacement with sutureless bioprosthesis between 2011 and 2014 in our department, 22 (20 women, 77 ± 6 years) had a small annulus less than 21 mm (sutureless group). They were matched for sex, age, body surface area, and left ventricular ejection fraction with 22 patients (20 women, 79 ± 6 years) undergoing stented bioprosthesis valve replacement (stented group). Body mass index and body surface area were 28 ± 5 kg/m2 and 28 ± 3 kg/m2 (p = 0.9), 1.6 ± 0.2 m2 and 1.6 ± 0.1 m2 (p = 0.9), in the sutureless and stented groups, respectively. Logistic EuroSCOREs were similar between groups. Results. Postoperative peak transvalvular gradient was lower in the sutureless group (15 ± 7 mm Hg versus 20 ± 11 mm Hg; p = 0.02). The indexed effective orifice area was greater in the sutureless group (1.12 ± 0.2 cm2/m2 versus 0.82 ± 0.1 cm2/m2; p < 0.05). Aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass times were 47 ± 21 and 67 ± 15 minutes, respectively (p < 0.05) in the sutureless group versus 70 ± 22 and 85 ± 21 minutes, respectively (p = 0.02) in the stented group. Intensive care unit stay, hospitalization, and major complications were not significantly different between groups. At follow-up, regression of left ventricular hypertrophy was better in the sutureless group (93 ± 21 g/m2 versus 106 ± 14 g/m2; p = 0.02). Conclusions. Sutureless bioprosthetic valves demonstrate improved hemodynamic performance compared with stented valves in elderly patients with small aortic annulus, providing better regression of left ventricular hypertrophy and decreased rates of patient-prosthesis mismatch. Aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass times are also decreased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-122
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume102
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.

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