Superparamagnetic behavior of nanosized Co0.2Zn 0.8Fe2O4 synthesized by a flow rate controlled chemical coprecipitation method

S. Dey, S. K. Dey, S. Majumder, A. Poddar, P. Dasgupta, S. Banerjee, S. Kumar

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22 Scopus citations


We have studied the structural, microstructural and magnetic properties of nanosized (~20 nm) Co0.2Zn0.8Fe2O4 synthesized by a flow rate controlled coprecipitation method. The phase purity and crystallinity of the sample have been confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscopic studies. According to the results of dc magnetic measurements the sample exhibits superparamagnetic behavior above 70 K due to its nanometric size. This has been corroborated by Mössbauer spectroscopic study at 300 K. The infield Mössbauer spectroscopic study indicates that the sample behaves ferrimagnetically at 10 K and it possesses equilibrium cation distribution. The saturation magnetization of the sample (MSAT~32 emu g-1 at 300 K) is substantially lower than its bulk counterpart (MSAT=80 emu g-1) but higher than those having same composition synthesized by the conventional coprecipitation method. This has been attributed to finite size and spin canting effects as well as good crystalline character and bulk like equilibrium cation distribution of the sample. We have shown that the flow rate controlled coprecipitation method can produce nanosized ferrites with very good crystalline order and equilibrium cation distribution but they exhibit reduction of magnetization, magnetic order and ordering temperature compared to their bulk counterparts due to spin canting effect and finite size effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-252
Number of pages6
JournalPhysica B: Condensed Matter
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
One of the authors (SD) gratefully acknowledges the financial support of Jadavpur University for providing research fellowship. The UPE program of UGC and the PURSE program of DST, Government of India are also acknowledged. We also acknowledge UGC-DAE CSR, Indore Center for infield Mössbauer measurement. We gratefully acknowledge Prof. R. N. Joarder for helpful discussion.


  • Co-Zn ferrite
  • Flow rate controlled coprecipitation
  • Mössbauer spectroscopic study
  • Rietveld refinement
  • Superparamagnetism


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