Predicting the ability of nanoparticles (NP) to access the tumor is key to the success of chemotherapy using nanotherapeutics. In the present study, the ability of the dual NP-based theranostic system to accumulate in the tumor was evaluated in vivo using intravital microscopy (IVM) and MRI. The system consisted of model therapeutic doxorubicin-loaded poly(lactide-co-glycolide) NP (Dox-PLGA NP) and novel hybrid Ce3/4+-doped maghemite NP encapsulated within the HSA matrix (hMNP) as a supermagnetic MRI contrasting agent. Both NP types had similar sizes of ~100 nm and negative surface potentials. The level of the hMNP and PLGA NP co-distribution in the same regions of interest (ROI, ~2500 µm2) was assessed by IVM in mice bearing the 4T1-mScarlet murine mammary carcinoma at different intervals between the NP injections. In all cases, both NP types penetrated into the same tumoral/peritumoral regions by neutrophil-assisted extravasation through vascular micro- and macroleakages. The maximum tumor contrasting in MRI scans was obtained 5 h after hMNP injection/1 h after PLGA NP injection; the co-distribution level at this time reached 78%. Together with high contrasting properties of the hMNP, these data indicate that the hMNP and PLGA NPs are suitable theranostic companions. Thus, analysis of the co-distribution level appears to be a useful tool for evaluation of the dual nanoparticle theranostics, whereas assessment of the leakage areas helps to reveal the tumors potentially responsive to nanotherapeutics.
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- 4T1 mScarlet cells
- 4T1 murine mammary carcinoma
- EPR effect
- PLGA nanoparticles
- hybrid maghemite/human serum albumin nanoparticles
- intravital microscopy (IVM)
- magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)