Superior lithium storage properties of Fe2(MoO4)3/MWCNT composite with a nanoparticle (0D)–nanorod (1D) hetero-dimensional morphology

Atin Pramanik, Sandipan Maiti, Sourindra Mahanty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Synthesis of nanostructures with pre-designed morphology has recently gained tremendous research attention for achieving enhanced performance. Herein, we report synthesis of hetero-dimensional hybrid nanostructure of Fe2(MoO4)3 consisting of nanorods (length 90–170 nm, dia ∼30 nm) in which spherical nanoparticles (dia 5–10 nm) are embedded. We also report the electrochemical properties of synergic Fe2(MoO4)3/MWCNT composites as lithium-ion battery anode for the first time. Here, 1D Fe2(MoO4)3 nanorods serve as a strain accommodative matrix imparting stability while the entrenched 0D Fe2(MoO4)3 nanoparticles offer a large number of active sites yielding high capacity. Due to high surface to volume ratio of the composites, the Li+ ion diffusion length is shortened leading to a faster kinetics and improved the rate performance. Moreover, MWCNT provides an effective conduction network for electron transport during lithiation/delithiation process and at the same time, serves as a strain-buffer preserving mechanical integrity of the composite electrode. This three-way strategy results in a specific capacity of 1321 mAh g−1 for a 50:50 wt% composite of Fe2(MoO4)3 and MWCNT. Even at a high current density of 1.0 mA cm−2 (1200 mA g−1), capacity of 600 mAh g−1 could be obtained. Further, 82% retention of capacity is observed after 200 cycles at 0.1 mA cm−2. Importantly, no appreciable change in morphology is observed with discharge-charge cycling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-248
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume307
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Hydrothermal synthesis
  • Lithium-ion battery anode
  • Ternary metal oxide

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