Sufi Non-Doing Offender Rehabilitation: Positive and Peacemaking Criminology in Practice

Gila Amitay, Donya Hawa-Kamel, Natti Ronel

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5 Scopus citations


Offender rehabilitation is a challenging goal that calls for ongoing creative innovations. Amongst is a non-doing rehabilitative initiation that is inspired by spiritual traditions. The aim of this paper is to present an application of non-doing offender rehabilitation that has no declared intention to rehabilitate, carried by a peacemaking Islamic Sufi route. Based on the positive criminology approach, we conducted a qualitative phenomenological study consisted of interviews with 11 ex-prisoners who were employed in the Shadhiliyya-Yashrutiyya Sufi order as construction workers and also with 35 Sufi disciple and leaders. We identified five themes of non-doing: (1) atmosphere; (2) modeling; (3) social inclusion and suspension of judgement; (4) spiritual meaning; (5) feasibility of transformative processes. The discussion presents principles of a model of non-doing rehabilitation in a spiritual community and emphasizes the research innovation in presenting non-doing as a holistic method of inclusion within a transformative faith community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)916-936
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021.


  • Sufi
  • non-doing
  • positive criminology
  • prisoners
  • rehabilitation
  • spiritual criminology


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