Sudan: (Jumhuriyyat al-Sudan)

Yehudit Ronen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The executions shocked many in Sudan and abroad, for Sudan was not accustomed to political executions. Toward the summer, the IMF ordered Sudan to introduce economic reforms before the Fund’s 15 July 1990 executive board meeting, or risk suspension from the Fund. Sudan’s decision to back Iraq in the Gulf conflict, thereby turning its back on its Kuwaiti, Saudi, and Western benefactors, caused it additional severe financial difficulties, both in the short and long term. Sudan initiated the establishment of an integration plan (mashru’ al-takamul), which Bashir announced on 4 March upon his return from a three-day visit to Tripoli. The American announcement was made several days after Sudan and Libya had publicized their integration plan. The fact that Islamic fundamentalism was flourishing in Sudan and the possibility that it might dominate other countries in the Middle East, especially Egypt, was a further source of worry to the Bush Administration.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMiddle East Contemporary Survey, Volume Xiv
Subtitle of host publication1990
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9780429699504
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1992 by Tel Aviv University.


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