Substance use, harm reduction attitudes and behaviors among attendees of nature rave parties in Israel

Hagit Bonny-Noach, Barak Shapira, Pinchas Baumol, Nir Tadmor, Paola Rosca, Stacy Shoshan, Yossi Harel-Fisch, Ariel Caduri

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Abstract

Background: Few studies have analyzed harm reduction behaviors and attitudes among rave party attendees. Since the late 1980s, there has been a large Israeli rave scene, also known as 'Nature Parties'. However, only a few studies have been conducted among nature party attendees and almost all of them are from a qualitative perspective. This study's aim was to fill the gap and conduct quantitative research to investigate the patterns of substance use, harm reduction attitudes and behaviors among Israeli nature rave party attendees. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey recruited 1,206 people who reported having attended nature rave parties. All of the participants were aged 18–60 years (M = 29.9; SD = 7.4), and 770 (64%) were male. Results: The most common illicit substances used at Israeli nature rave parties in the past year were cannabis (62.2%), followed by LSD (41.4%), MDMA (31.7%), mushrooms/psilocybin (23.9%), ketamine (19.6%) and cocaine (17.2%). A significant but weak association was found between harm reduction behaviors and attitudes toward harm reduction interventions (r =.26, p <.001) and attitudes toward drug testing kits (r =.33, p <.001). It seems that although we found higher positive harm reduction attitudes, it is harder to implement harm reduction behaviors. Logistic regressions demonstrated stronger associations with high harm reduction behaviors and higher levels of positive attitudes toward drug testing kits (OR = 4.53; CI 2.97–6.90; p <.001), higher levels of positive attitudes toward harm reduction interventions (OR = 4.06; CI 2.62–6.29; p <.001), marital status of widower/divorced (OR = 2.22; CI 1.49–3.32; p <.001), using MDMA (OR = 1.63; CI 1.19–2.23; p < =.01) and using LSD (OR = 1.41; CI 1.03–1.94; p < =.05). Conclusions: Formal harm reduction policies and interventions are needed for Israeli nature rave parties in addition to prevention and information programs, which are also very rare. Future studies should examine the subjects of harm reduction attitudes and behaviors among the public, policy makers and professionals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108
JournalHarm Reduction Journal
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 9 Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, BioMed Central Ltd., part of Springer Nature.

Funding

The authors of the article belong to a research team dedicated to the issue of harm reduction at rave nature parties in Israel. The need for a dedicated research team was identified after a meeting on September 8, 2020, of the Israeli Knesset government's Special Committee on Drugs and Alcohol which focused on the topic: "The scope of rave nature parties during the COVID-19 epidemic and the prevention of adverse outcomes". The committee decided to promote operative work, under the auspices of the National Authority for Community Safety in the Ministry of Public Security and to establish five strategic teams. One of the teams was set up as a research team which included eight multidisciplinary experts including academics, policy makers, representatives of the public and harm reduction volunteers. Leading the research team is Hagit Bonny-Noach, and the team members include Barak Shapira, Pinchas Baumol, Nir Tadmor, Paola Rosca, Stacy Shoshan, Yossi Harel-Fisch, and Ariel Caduri. Among other things, the team's goal was to outline the committee's research needs, and to carry out basic quantitative research that will form the basis for further research, and most importantly, allow policy makers to gain perspectives based on current research data to make informed decisions

FundersFunder number
Israeli Knesset government's Special Committee on Drugs and Alcohol
National Authority for Community Safety in the Ministry of Public Security

    Keywords

    • Attitudes
    • Harm reduction
    • Israel
    • Music
    • Nature
    • Parties
    • Rave
    • Substances use

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