Substance use among adolescents in California: A latent class analysis

Tamika D. Gilreath, Ron A. Astor, Joey N. Estrada, Renee M. Johnson, Rami Benbenishty, Jennifer Beth Unger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Data from the California Healthy Kids Survey of 7th, 9th, and 11th graders were used to identify latent classes/clusters of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use (N = 418,702). Analyses revealed four latent classes of substance use, which included nonusers (61.1%), alcohol experimenters (some recent alcohol use; 22.8%), mild polysubstance users (lifetime use of all substances with less than 3 days of recent use; 9.2%), and frequent polysubstance users (used all substances three or more times in the past month; 6.9%). The results revealed that alcohol and marijuana use are salient to California adolescents. This information can be used to target and tailor school-based prevention efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-123
Number of pages8
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume49
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Ron Astor, he is developing a conceptual and methodological framework addressing the schools nested in their ecological context. He is Co-PI in a project led by Dr. Astor, funded by the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA). He is in charge of ongoing formative and summative evaluation of the project.

Funding Information:
Renee M. Johnson’s work on this publication was supported by grants from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R03-DA025823; K01-DA31738).

Funding

Ron Astor, he is developing a conceptual and methodological framework addressing the schools nested in their ecological context. He is Co-PI in a project led by Dr. Astor, funded by the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA). He is in charge of ongoing formative and summative evaluation of the project. Renee M. Johnson’s work on this publication was supported by grants from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R03-DA025823; K01-DA31738).

FundersFunder number
Department of Defense Education Activity
National Institute on Drug AbuseR03-DA025823, K01DA031738

    Keywords

    • Adolescents
    • Alcohol
    • Marijuana
    • Tobacco

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