Study of corrosiveness of acidic crude oil and it's fractions

Alec Groysman, Naphtali Brodsky, Joseph Penner, Alon Goldis, Natali Savchenko

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Every time new acidic crude oils are used, the problem of naphthenic acids (NA) arises again. Most investigations concern the corrosiveness of crude oils or gas oil fractions containing NA. In the acidic crude oil "A", the kerosene fraction was the most corrosive. The main goal of this work is to investigate the corrosiveness of different petroleum fractions distilled from acidic crude oil "A" at 150 to 370°C (302 to 698°F) and to find effective measures for diminishing the corrosiveness of aggressive fractions. Corrosiveness of acidic crude oil "A" and petroleum distillates towards pure iron and mild steel (C1010, A 515 Gr 70) was examined in an autoclave and in a specially designed system. It was shown that acidic crude oil "A" at 300°C (572°F) (TAN = 0.4 mg KOH/g) did not have high corrosiveness: corrosion rate of mild steel was 0.05 to 0.1 mm/y (2 to 4 mpy); but that for other fractions of "A" is very high, especially for the kerosene fraction distilled at 150 to 270°C (302 to 518°F) (0.66 mm/y). Five fractions of this "wide" kerosene fraction were cut every 20°C, TAN was measured, and corrosivity of these fractions was determined. Corrosion rate of mild steel as a function of distillate temperature range for various fractions was described with maximum for kerosene distillate 190 to 210°C (374 to 410°F) of crude oil "A" with corrosion rate of 0.97 mm/y (38.8 mpy). The corrosion rate values correlate with TAN (Total Acidity Number). Corrosion kinetics was studied during 1 to 13 days. Blending and corrosion inhibitors were examined for corrosion mitigation in the acidic kerosene. Corrosion inhibitors "P" and "N" based on phosphate esters for the kerosene distillate 190 to 210°C (374 to 410°F) were examined under laboratory and industrial conditions. Inhibitor concentrations of 25 to 75 ppm resulted in efficiency (% reduction in corrosion rate) of 74 to 94%.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNACE - International Corrosion Conference Series
Volume2005-April
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
EventCorrosion 2005 - Houston, United States
Duration: 3 Apr 20057 Apr 2005

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2005 by NACE International.

Keywords

  • Crude oil
  • Inhibitor
  • Kerosene
  • Mild steel
  • Naphthenic acid corrosion

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