Study of 90 hepatitis B surface antigen carriers in Israel

D. Shouval, R. Tur-Kaspa, R. Adler, N. Mani, S. Penchas, M. Roggendorf, G. Frosner, M. Eliakim

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2 Scopus citations


A study of 90 asymptomatic hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carriers in Jerusalem showed a predominance of males over females (4:1) and of North African Jews over Jews of European or American origin. The predominance of males remained apparent, but was not significant, when origin was controlled. Possible sources of infection were contact with jaundiced patients (29%), dental treatment (58%) and drug addiction (8%). Fifty-one percent had hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) of the IgM class, 2% had hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg), 94% hepatitis B e-antibody (anti-HBe) and 93% had hepatitis A antibody (anti-HAV). Fourty-two percent had donated blood at least once prior to the detection of the carrier state. Fifty-five percent of 128 asymptomatic family contacts had evidence of hepatitis B virus infection. Minor abnormalities in liver function tests were found in 22% of the carriers and splenomegaly in 11%. Of ten liver biopsies performed in these cases, one had chronic active hepatitis, five had minimal histological changes, and four were normal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-412
Number of pages6
JournalIsrael Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes


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