Studies on Cell Binding and Internalization of Human Lymphoblastoid (Namalva) Interferon

Sabine Feinstein, Abraham Traub, Arye Lazar, Avshalom Mizrahi, Yael Teitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The binding of iodinated human lymphoblastoid Namalva interferon to Namalva cells, to a human fibroblast cell strain (FS11), and to a bovine kidney cell line (MDBK) was characterized. Scatchard analysis of the binding data indicated the presence of about 1000-2000 receptors per cell and dissociation constants of the order of 0.1 to 0.01 nM. Two sub= species of Namalva interferon (16 K and 20 K), which differ in their antiviral activitytoward bovine and human cells, were found to bind with the same affinity toward bovine MDBK cells but to differ in their affinity to human cells. Experimental results indicated that at 37°C the bound interferon is internalized within 15 min after binding to Namalva cells, and then degraded in the lysosomes. Exposure of Namalva cells to interferon resulted in a 40% reduction of the number of cell surface receptors (down-regulation).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-76
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Interferon Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes


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