The structure of ultrafine bimetallic CoxRh1−x nanoparticles synthesized in mild conditions by codecomposition of organometallic precursors in the presence of a polymer or a ligand has been studied using high-resolution electron microscopy and wide-angle x-ray scattering techniques. While pure rhodium particles exhibit the main structural features of a face centered cubic (fcc), alloying with cobalt induces a progressive loss of periodicities, leading in high-cobalt-content particles to a polytetrahedral structure close to the one already encountered in pure-cobalt particles. When increasing the synthesis temperature, the polytetrahedral structure remains remarkably stable, while particles with higher rhodium content clearly evolve towards perfect fcc. Increasing the size of the particles up to 5–6nm stabilizes the structural phases encountered in the phase diagram of the bulk alloy. Different element-sensitive techniques, x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XANES and EXAFS) and energy-filtering transmission electron microscopy, have also been implemented in order to get chemical information. Evidence is given for a cobalt surface segregation in these bimetallic particles, highly favorable for magnetic-moment enhancement.
|Physical Review B
|Published - 2004