Structural Dynamics from NMR Relaxation by SRLS Analysis: Local Geometry, Potential Energy Landscapes, and Spectral Densities

Netanel Mendelman, Eva Meirovitch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We have developed the two-body coupled-rotator slowly relaxing local structure (SRLS) approach for elucidating protein dynamics by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation. The rotators are represented by diffusion tensors D1 for overall protein tumbling and D2 for locally ordered probe motion. D1 and D2 are coupled dynamically by a potential, u, typically given by linear combinations of the Wigner functions D002 and (D022 + D0-22). Until now, our SRLS analyses provided the tensors, D1 and D2, the potential, u, and the geometric link between SRLS and NMR. Here we enhance this description by also examining the SRLS spectral densities obtained by solving the SRLS Smoluchowski equation. In addition, we show that the form of u specified above complies with two NMR-detected potential energy landscapes representing preferential ordering along N-H or Cα-Cα. Pictorial illustrations thereof are provided. The extended SRLS analysis is applied to 15N-H relaxation from the carbohydrate recognition domain of galectin-3 (Gal3C) in complex with two diastereomeric ligands, S and R. We find that D2 is isotropic with a principal value, D2, of 1010 s-1 on average, and it is faster in the strands β3, β5, and β8. The potential, u, is strong (∼20 kT); it is slightly rhombic when N-H is the main ordering axis and highly rhombic when Cα-Cα is the main ordering axis. Gal3C-S exhibits primarily preferential ordering along Cα-Cα Gal3C-R exhibits both types of ordering. The binding-associated polypeptide chain segment of Gal3C-S is homogeneous, whereas that of Gal3C-R is diversified, with regard to D2 and ordering preference. We associate these features with the previously determined diminished binding constant of Gal3C-R in comparison with Gal3C-S. Thus, the present study enhances the SRLS analysis, in general, and provides new insights into the dynamic structure and binding properties of Gal3C-S and Gal3C-R, in particular.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6130-6143
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number23
StatePublished - 17 Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We acknowledge support from the Israel Science Foundation (grant 288/20 to E.M.), and the Binational Israel-U.S.A. Science Foundation (grant 2016097 to E.M. and Jack H. Freed).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Chemical Society.


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