Structural Dynamics by NMR in the Solid State: The Unified MOMD Perspective Applied to Organic Frameworks with Interlocked Molecules

Eva Meirovitch, Zhichun Liang, Jack H. Freed

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The microscopic-order-macroscopic-disorder (MOMD) approach for NMR lineshape analysis has been applied to the University of Windsor Dynamic Materials (UWDM) of types 1, 2, α-3, β-3, and 5, which are metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) comprising mobile mechanically interlocked molecules (MIMs). The mobile MIM components are selectively deuterated crown ether macrocycles - 24C6, 22C6, and B24C6. Their motion is described in MOMD by an effective/collective dynamic mode characterized by a diffusion tensor, R, a restricting/ordering potential, u, expanded in the Wigner rotation matrix elements, D0, KL, and features of local geometry. Experimental 2H lineshapes are available over 220 K (on average) and in some cases 320 K. They are reproduced with axial R, u given by the terms D0,02 and D0,|2|2, and established local geometry. For UWDM of types 1, β-3, and 5, where the macrocycle resides in a relatively loose space, u is in the 1-3 kT, R- in the (1.0-2.5) × 106 s-1, and R- in the (0.4-2.5) × 104 s-1 range; the deuterium atom is bonded to a carbon atom with tetrahedral coordination character. For UWDM of types 2 and α-3, where the macrocycle resides in a much tighter space, a substantial change in the symmetry of u and the coordination character of the 2H-bonded carbon are detected at higher temperatures. The activation energies for R- and R- are characteristic of each system. The MOMD model is general; effective/collective dynamic modes are treated. The characteristics of motion, ordering, and geometry are physically well-defined; they differ from case to case in extent and symmetry but not in essence. Physical clarity and consistency provide new insights. A previous interpretation of the same experimental data used models consisting of collections of independent simple motions. These models are specific to each case and temperature. Within their scope, generating consistent physical pictures and comparing cases are difficult; possible collective modes are neglected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6225-6235
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number29
StatePublished - 23 Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Israel - USA Binational Science Foundation (Grant No. 2016097 to E.M. and J.H.F.) and the Israel Science Foundation (Grant No. 469/15 to E.M.). This work was also supported by NIH/NIGMS grant P41GM103521 to J.H.F.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.


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