Strongly Anharmonic Octahedral Tilting in Two-Dimensional Hybrid Halide Perovskites

Matan Menahem, Zhenbang Dai, Sigalit Aharon, Rituraj Sharma, Maor Asher, Yael Diskin-Posner, Roman Korobko, Andrew M. Rappe, Omer Yaffe

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61 Scopus citations


Recent investigations of two-dimensional (2D) hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskites (HHPs) indicate that their optical and electronic properties are dominated by strong coupling to thermal fluctuations. While the optical properties of 2D-HHPs have been extensively studied, a comprehensive understanding of electron-phonon interactions is limited because little is known about their structural dynamics. This is partially because the unit cells of 2D-HHPs contain many atoms. Therefore, the thermal fluctuations are complex and difficult to elucidate in detail. To overcome this challenge, we use polarization-orientation Raman spectroscopy and ab initio calculations to compare the structural dynamics of the prototypical 2D-HHPs [(BA)2PbI4 and (PhE)2PbI4] to their three-dimensional (3D) counterpart, MAPbI3. Comparison to the simpler, 3D MAPbI3 crystal shows clear similarities with the structural dynamics of (BA)2PbI4 and (PhE)2PbI4 across a wide temperature range. The analogy between the 3D and 2D crystals allows us to isolate the effect of the organic cation on the structural dynamics of the inorganic scaffold of the 2D-HHPs. Furthermore, using this approach, we uncover the mechanism of the order-disorder phase transition of (BA)2PbI4 (274 K) and show that it involves relaxation of octahedral tilting coupled to anharmonic thermal fluctuations. These anharmonic fluctuations are important because they induce charge carrier localization and affect the optoelectronic performance of these materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10153-10162
Number of pages10
JournalACS Nano
Issue number6
StatePublished - 22 Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

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© 2021 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.


  • (CHNH)PbI
  • 2D perovskites
  • anharmonicity
  • octahedral tilt
  • phase transition
  • polarization-orientation
  • Raman


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