Speech enhancement based on the general transfer function GSC and postfiltering

Sharon Gannot, Israel Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Scopus citations


In speech enhancement applications microphone array postfiltering allows additional reduction of noise components at a beamformer output. Among microphone array structures the recently proposed general transfer function generalized sidelobe canceller (TF-GSC) has shown impressive noise reduction abilities in a directional noise field, while still maintaining low speech distortion. However, in a diffused noise field less significant noise reduction is obtainable. The performance is even further degraded when the noise signal is nonstationary. In this contribution we propose three postfiltering methods for improving the performance of microphone arrays. Two of which are based on single-channel speech enhancers and making use of recently proposed algorithms concatenated to the beamformer output. The third is a multichannel speech enhancer which exploits noise-only components constructed within the TF-GSC structure. This work concentrates on the assessment of the proposed postfiltering structures. An extensive experimental study, which consists of both objective and subjective evaluation in various noise fields, demonstrates the advantage of the multichannel postfiltering compared to the single-channel techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-571
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio Processing
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2004


  • Generalized sidelobe canceller
  • Microphone arrays
  • Nonstationarity
  • Postfiltering
  • Speech enhancement


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