Specific Removal and Recovery of Bromide Ions: The Search for Stable Electrodes and Operation Modes

Izaak Cohen, Barak Shapira, Alexey Shopin, Yuval Elias, Eran Avraham, Doron Aurbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In previous work, we introduced an elegant approach for bromide recovery from water by the introduction of a hybrid physical adsorption and capacitive deionization processes for selective removal and recovery of boron from water. In this paper, we show that the harsh environment of water contaminated with bromine-moieties adversely affects the longevity of relevant electrodes, with close to 100 consecutive work hours of bromides removal without noticeable degradation. To extend the lifespan of electrodes, we used an asymmetric CDI cell with a 1:5 positive/negative electrodes ratio in which a polarity switch between electrodes is applied every six adsorption-desorption cycles in a way that in each adsorption-desorption cycle, a different electrode of the six electrodes, functions as the positive electrode. We deduce that the polarity switch reduces oxidation and subsequent degradation of the positive electrodes, resulting in an extended lifecycle. After examining nine different carbonaceous materials, carbon cloth was chosen to be incorporated in the bromide- recovery cells because of its favorable kinetics and its physical and mechanical properties. We show that with a combination between endurance of the electrodes and asymmetric mode of operation, it is possible to overcome the main barrier that holds the technology from being practical.

Original languageEnglish
Article number036507
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - 31 Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s). Published on behalf of The Electrochemical Society by IOP Publishing Limited.


  • bromide removal
  • capacitive deionization
  • electrosorpion
  • water desalination


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