Spatiotemporal variability of cultivable microfungal communities inhabiting a playa area in the western Negev Desert, Israel

J. Yu, I. Grishkan, C. Sherman, Y. Steinberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The soil dilution plate method was used to examine spatiotemporal changes in microfungal communities inhabiting the playa and interdune areas in the western Negev Desert, Israel. Soil samples were collected from the 0-50 cm depth at 10 cm intervals at both habitats during the wet and dry seasons of 2010. Forty-six species belonging to 31 genera were identified, 14 and 12 species were common to both habitats during the wet and dry seasons. The colony-forming units (CFUs) ranged from 75 to 4875 and from 500 to 6925 CFU g -1 dry soil at the playa and interdune, respectively. More diverse species and higher microfungal density were recorded during the wet season compared to the dry season at both habitats, and the microfungal communities inhabiting the playa were characterized by lower species diversity and CFU compared with the interdune regardless of soil depth and sampling season. With the increase in soil depth, decreasing trends were found in both species diversity and CFU throughout the study period, especially in the playa soils. Generally, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Alternaria alternata, Ulocladium atrum, and Fusarium spp. were widespread at the playa with high relative abundance, as were Penicillium and Aspergillus spp. at both habitats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-17
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Arid Environments
Volume81
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Melanin-containing fungi
  • Soil dilution plate method
  • Soil mycobiota
  • Taxonomic diversity
  • Teleomorphic ascomycete

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