Formalism is derived for the autocovariance of the noise induced by a source of general statistics, in measurements of the Stokes vector at the output of an optical medium. The autocovariance is given in terms of the source statistics and the medium transfer properties. Specific results and an experimental demonstration are provided for a polarized laser source. The results establish phase-noise-related bounds to the errors in polarization measurements with a continuous-wave laser source.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Manuscript received January 17, 2006; revised April 9, 2006. This work was supported in part by the Israel Science Foundation. The work of A. Zadok was supported by the Israel Clore Foundation under a Ph.D. study scholarship. The authors are with the Faculty if Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel (e-mail: email@example.com). Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/LPT.2006.877012
- Optical noise
- Phase noise
- Polarization measurement
- Polarization-mode dispersion (PMD)
- Statistical optics